Teaching of The Four Communication Skills: Listening, Speaking, Reading, Writing

Teachers should set high standards for an ESL classroom, just like any class in student’s native tounge. They should work to create the necessary condition for students to learn effectively and reach the desired outcome. For the teaching of English to be successful, the four communication skills: reading, listening, speaking and writing, should be integrated in an effective way.


These skills should be addressed in a way that helps students meet the standards you set for them and develop their communicative competence gradually.

Communication Skills encompasses:


* Listening and speaking: these two skills are highly interrelated and work simultaneously in real life situations. So, the integration of the two aims at fostering effective oral communication. This integration will assure real-life and purposeful communication.


*Reading and writing: they form a strong relationship with each other as skills. They are tools for achieving an effective written communication. Students need opportunities to develop their reading and writing skills. Developing students’ competencies in reading and writing requires exposing students to gradually challenging reading materials and writing tasks. The aim is making students read and write effectively.


In fact, the integration of listening and speaking with reading and writing will make learners good listeners, speakers, readers and writers so as to be able to communicate effectively. The mastery of these skills is a gradual process, especially when learning the English Language.

Teachers, for instance, should expose learners to gradually challenging tasks and material.

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